Psychology is the study of human mind and behavior. Its main aim is to understand, prevent and relieve the psychological distress in people and further to promote their well being.
The birth of a baby brings a huge change in the life of a family, which brings with itself a whole new experience of feelings and emotions. Parents of cleft child face emotional distress in the form of added social, emotional and economic pressures.
This especially is true for Pakistan as developing country, where the rate of cleft is higher as compare to other parts of the world. Due to lack of education, and poor economic conditions such parents are not able to deal with the emotional shock they get at the birth of a cleft child. Also the fear of social rejection of cleft child adds to their emotional worries.
Cleft children are more prone to suffer from depression, low self esteem and socially isolation. The psychology department plays an important role in providing not only emotional supports and guidelines but also works with parents of cleft children to resolve their issues and helps child how to overcome the issues related to their appearance. Psychologist helps cleft children in social and emotional adjustment, intellectual development and temperament.
The main tools and therapies used are:
- Cognitive and behavioral therapies
- Relaxation techniques
- Play therapy